How to execute mongo commands through shell scripts?

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Matheus Mello
Matheus Mello
published a few days ago. updated a few hours ago

How to Execute MongoDB Commands through Shell Scripts? 🍃💻

So, you want to execute MongoDB commands in a shell script, but you're encountering some issues? Don't worry! In this blog post, we'll tackle common problems and provide you with easy solutions to run MongoDB commands seamlessly in your shell scripts. Let's get started! 🚀

The Script 📝

First things first, let's take a look at the script you provided:

mongo myDbName
show collections

In this script, you're trying to execute MongoDB commands by invoking the mongo command followed by the database name. However, the subsequent commands like db.mycollection.findOne() and show collections are not being executed as expected. Let's find out why and how to fix it!

The Problem 🤔

The issue you're facing is that when you run the mongo command, it launches the MongoDB shell but doesn't automatically execute the subsequent commands. Instead, it waits for the user to input more commands manually. That's why your script seems to halt after establishing the connection.

The Solution ✅

To solve this problem, we need to find a way to pass the MongoDB commands directly to the shell rather than executing them manually. Here are a couple of easy solutions:

Solution 1: Use the --eval option 📜

The mongo command provides the --eval option, allowing you to pass JavaScript code as a string to be executed. To modify your script accordingly, use the following approach:

mongo myDbName --eval "db.mycollection.findOne()"
mongo myDbName --eval "show collections"

With this solution, the commands will be executed directly after establishing the connection.

Solution 2: Use a JavaScript File 📄

Alternatively, you can execute a JavaScript file containing the commands using the mongo command. Here's an example:

  1. Create a JavaScript file, e.g., test.js, with the MongoDB commands you want to execute:

    db = db.getSiblingDB('myDbName'); db.mycollection.findOne(); show collections;
  2. Modify your shell script to execute the JavaScript file:

    #!/bin/sh mongo <path-to-test.js-file>

Make sure to replace <path-to-test.js-file> with the actual path to your JavaScript file.

A Compelling Call-to-Action 💥

Now that you know how to execute MongoDB commands through shell scripts, go ahead and give it a try! Feel free to experiment with different commands and integrate MongoDB seamlessly into your automation workflows.

Tell us about your experience! Have you encountered any other challenges when working with MongoDB or other databases in shell scripts? Share your thoughts and insights in the comments below! Let's learn from each other and level up our tech game together. 🙌💡

Conclusion 🎉

Executing MongoDB commands through shell scripts can be a breeze when you apply the right techniques. In this blog post, we addressed the common issue of commands not being executed and provided two easy solutions using the --eval option and executing a JavaScript file. Now you're ready to include MongoDB in your automated processes effortlessly!

If you found this guide helpful, don't forget to share it with your friends and colleagues. Sharing is caring! 😉📲

Until next time, happy scripting! 🚀✨

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